<p> Civil engineering is a tough job, so when it comes to using things to improve the job, industrial fabric conversion and geotextile fabrics are great to use, these are mostly used to retaining soil and keeping in place civil engineering projects from road buildings to even dams. These prevent erosion and maintain the integrity of the engineered earth structures. They also allow a certain amount of draining due to being created from loosely woven netting. The fabrics can be made from multiple materials such as impermeable plastic to rubber sheeting.
Using natural materials can lead to a poor durability so when it comes to making geotextils, synthetic materials such as polyethylene and polypropylene are used. Therefore these products will last longer and be alot more durable when it comes to holding soil or civil engineering projects together, also when it comes to making the impermeable linings, plastic or rubber is used.
The quickest and least expensice way of maintaining structural integrity can be just done by laying a light weight sheet on a steep embankment. Due to the permeability of the geotextiles they will let any excess water pass through while preventing the soil inside from washing away. You could also erect a netting around the area in order to catch any soil that may wash away with rain.
This type of netting around soil can also be used at certain beaches where sand dunes are present, this keeps them in place when it comes to wind erosion and is a cheap option. Netting tubes can also be filled in order to create a sturdier barrier and can be very useful for protecting sand or soil when storm surges appear.
Another main benefit of using geotextils is to keep layers in place when buildings on the road are made, if the different layers of soil are allowed to mix it could lead to ruts in forming where soil can shift under a certain amount of pressure. These materials can slo act as a barrier to tree roots and be placed under ground to stop certain tree roots from growing.
Permeability is one of the main advantages of these materials, this is due to the fact the structures of soil or sand can be held steady but any water will be washed away. These materials are used in not just drainage ditches to stop any soil washing away but also in dams to stop any excess evaporation. Here they are made to very strict standards to perfect specifications.
For certain situations it may be needed to cut larger sections of woven polypropylene into smaller strips and in other applications it may be necessary to sow these strips together, if the surface used is smooth and continous enough the material can also be printed on. Due to many tests on these fabrics they are made to behave predictably and are made to very strict standards as it is possible.